Vocabulary for Part 2

Persia & Babylon

  • apadana
  • glazed brick

Minoans & Myceneans

  • cyclopean masonry
  • fresco
  • megaron
  • tholos

Greece

  • acropolis
  • agora
  • alexemata
  • bouleuterion
  • caryatid
  • Hippodamian planning
  • oikos
  • pediment
  • Pentellic marble
  • periods: Primitive, Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic
  • sanctuary
  • stoa
  • temple; temple vocabulary from the Voice Thread/ThingLink
  • theatre (& orchestra, cavea, skene)
  • xoanon

Etruscan

  • castrum
  • domus (with atrium, impluvium, tablinum, peristyle & triclinium); for ThingLinks see here and here
  • engaged column/ half-column
  • mosaic
  • necropolis
  • porphyry
  • tufa
  • tesserae
  • tumulus
  • Tuscan Order

Roman

  • aggregate (in concrete)
  • amphitheater
  • aqueduct
  • apse
  • arcade
  • arches & vaults (types of)
  • basilica
  • baths/thermae (with frigidarium, tepidarium, & caldarium)
  • buttress strip
  • catenary curve
  • centering
  • coffer/coffering
  • compression & tension (structural forces)
  • [Roman] concrete
  • damnatio memoriae
  • forum/fora
  • honorific column
  • hypocaust heating
  • keystone
  • mausoleum
  • porphyry
  • pozzolana
  • “sandwich wall”
  • taberna/tabernae
  • travertine
  • triumphal arch
  • velarium
  • villa
  • voussoir
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