Vocabulary for Part 1

Prehistory

  • abstraction
  • henge
  • idealization
  • megalith
  • monolith
  • permanent architecture
  • post and lintel
  • prehistoric
  • realism
  • visual utility

Old World Cultures

  • corbel
  • ephemeral
  • mudbrick
  • mudhif
  • rammed earth
  • reed construction
  • votive figure
  • wattle and daub
  • ziggurat

India: Hinduism

  • garbhagriha
  • mandala
  • rock-cut
  • shikhara
  • tribhanga

Southern & Southeast Asia: Buddhism

  • Asoka column
  • axis mundi
  • stupa
  • torana

China

  • chi wen
  • dougong
  • feng shui
  • hutong
  • pagoda
  • qi
  • siheyuan
  • wenshou
  • Yingzao Fashi

Japan

  • machiya
  • minka
  • nōka
  • shoji
  • tatami
  • tokonoma
  • vernacular

Egypt

  • ashlar masonry
  • bearing wall
  • benben
  • canon/canonical
  • clerestory
  • corbelling
  • ephemeral
  • hypostyle hall
  • ka
  • mastaba
  • obelisk
  • pylon
  • relief (sculpture); raised relief & sunken relief
  • serdab
  • stele
  • step pyramid
  • visual utility
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